What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is a term that refers to oil that contains a high concentration of cannabidiol (CBD). It is typically extracted from hemp that has been cultivated specifically to have a high CBD concentration and only trace amounts of THC. It can be extracted from the cannabis plant as well, however this method allows for more THC content.
Keep in mind that THC is the compound responsible for the “high” or euphoric feeling. CBD does not provide this effect and is much more therapeutic in nature. It is usually extracted from the leaves and buds of the cannabis plant.
CBD Oil Production
Unlike the process of crushing seeds, CBD is extracted through a process called solvent extraction. This process involves forcing a solvent like CO2, alcohol, or butane through and across the cannabis sativa plant matter – separating the trichomes, terpenes, and cannabinoids. The solvent is then forced to evaporate, leaving nothing behind but the cannabinoid-packed CBD oil.
How Does it Work?
CBD works by interacting with our body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) – which is widely believed in the scientific community to be the most important physiological system responsible for establishing and regulating health in all mammals. It impacts the functions of appetite, sleep, pain perception, mood, hormone, and immune responses.
The endocannabinoid system is also responsible for aiding the body in the creation of its own natural cannabinoids. CBD aids in the stimulation of our body’s natural cannabinoid production, which helps maintain the efficiency and optimal function of the endocannabinoid system.
It is able to impact many other receptors as well, including dopamine, serotonin, and opioid receptors as well.
Setting out to buy your first CBD-infused product could be quite a confusing process. There are a wide variety of terms that are often used to sell CBD, including: – whole plant, isolate, broad spectrum, full-spectrum, and extraction method.
Without a proper understanding you could possibly end up buying a product that’s not right for you. This article is designed to walk you through several key terms that are helpful when looking for a high-quality and effective CBD product that will provide maximum results.
For more information about CBD dosage, click here.
In addition, we are going to take it a step further and discuss broad spectrum and raw non-activated acid spectrum products that are also available today. Let’s begin.
What is Full-Spectrum CBD Oil?
Full-spectrum CBD products contain a more specialized range of cannabinoids and terpenes. This full range profile will provide the maximum level of entourage effectiveness, assuming that a high-quality extraction method was utilized. The chemical content of a full-spectrum CBD extract most closely mirrors that of the plant.
When searching for a quality full-spectrum product, it is paramount to look for lab test results that show the percentages of each cannabinoid present in the product. Reputable CBD venders routinely conduct third-party lab tests to ensure accuracy and consistency. This information will be provided for all of their products.
Full-spectrum CBD products contain THC; however, levels are very low in most cases. This is because (for most products), CBD oil is derived from low-THC industrial hemp (less than 0.3 %) as opposed to high-THC cannabis. Most CBD companies adhere to these standards.
It is important to note that at these low levels, the THC will not produce a “high” when used at regular doses. Again, be sure to look at the lab test results before purchasing any CBD-infused product to ensure that you know exactly what you are taking.
What are Raw Cannabinoids?
When a low-temperature extraction process is utilized (like supercritical CO2), the resulting extract contains cannabinoids in a non-activated acid form. An incorporated oil such as this would be known as a raw spectrum product.
These “non-activated” acid forms of these cannabinoids have a different effect on the body than their “activated” non-acid counterparts. For example, THC is psychoactive while THCA is not.
To convert a cannabinoid from its raw acid form, the extract must first be decarboxylated. This is done through a heating process that removes the acid molecule, rendering the cannabinoid in an “activated,” non-acid state. The following cannabinoids can be found in their acid forms in a variety of CBD products:
- THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
- CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
- CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
Many consumers seek out blended products that include both forms of the cannabinoids to receive the maximum effects.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Many products available today advertise as broad-spectrum, meaning that the product contains a limited cannabinoid profile. This term is most often used to describe products that have removed all THC content.
Products such as these eliminate the need for the user to ingest THC while still receiving most of the entourage benefits of a full-spectrum product.
What is CBD Isolate?
Like all other cannabinoids, CBD can be isolated down to the single molecule. The resulting product is a fine white power that is very highly concentrated (99% +) cannabidiol.
This isolate is then added to a variety of different carriers for human consumption. For example, CBD isolate is often added to MCT oil (medium-chain triglycerides), as well as a variety of other products where oil would not be appropriate.
It is important not to confuse this with a full-spectrum product because the plant’s naturally occurring terpenes were removed during the processing that was required to make the isolate.
Some companies, however, choose to add these terpenes back to the final product and are commonly referred to as “terpsolates.”
Important to Note
Unfortunately, there are many shady companies out there that are flooding the market with sub-par products that do not contain what is advertised.
As a potential CBD user looking for the best CBD-infused products, you will want full-spectrum CBD oil to achieve optimal results. Be sure to understand the extraction method that was utilized and read lab tests for each of the products that you plan to purchase.
For consumers wishing to bypass any THC for any number of reasons, a broad-spectrum CBD product offers maximum therapeutic benefit without risk of THC exposure.
Understanding the Distinction Between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil
Understanding the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil is especially paramount for consumers who mistakingly believe they are the same thing.
Knowing the key differences between these two oils will help consumers better distinguish what to look for when shopping and whether they would like to add these products to their daily health regimen.
What is Hemp Oil?
Ultimately, the differentiating factor between hemp oil and CBD oil is the source that the oil is extracted from. It goes without saying, but hemp oil is derived solely from the hemp plant – which is a form of cannabis sativa and is typically harvested for industrial purposes.
These particular plants contain very low levels of the two most prominent cannabinoids: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Both cannabinoids are extracted from hemp plants by firmly pressing the seeds that they produce. This extraction method is actually similar to how coconut and olive oil are obtained.
Contrary to popular belief, hemp seeds do not contain any trace of THC or CBD, nor does the extracted oil. However, trace amounts could still potentially be found in the extract due to the extra plant matter that adheres to the seeds during processing.
It is important to note that modern day commercial manufacturing is able to decontaminate the seeds by 99.99%. However, hemp oils that are extracted from different parts of the plant are likely to contain trace amounts of CBD or THC, but it is still labelled as hemp oil because it was made from the hemp plant.
These types of products must have this information printed on the label for you, the consumer. So, be safe and read all of the information provided thoroughly before making a purchase, especially if you are concerned about ensuring that the product is CBD and/or THC free.
How is Hemp Oil Used?
Hemp oil has a magnitude of different uses, which contributes to its sudden spike in popularity. It is used widely as a vitamin supplement due to its high levels of vitamins E, B, B1, and B2.
It also contains amounts of magnesium, potassium, and fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6), as well as being rich in antioxidants and protein. Hemp oil is also often used globally in lotions, soaps, shampoos, and many other beauty and cosmetic products. It can even be found as a primary ingredient in paint, plastics, lubrications, dressings, and bio-diesel fuel.
Hemp oil makes for a great lotion or moisturizer, since both fatty acids act similarly to our own skin’s natural lipids. This allows for our skin to increase in both elasticity and water retention. Using hemp oil is a great way to hydrate not only your skin, but your hair and nails as well, helping them to stay strong and healthy.
Always Check the Lab Results!
Labeling today can be intentionally misleading and many less-desirable companies are labeling their products quite deceptively. The only surefire way to know what you are buying is by checking the lab results.
Quality CBD brands provide product and batch level reports from a 3rd party lab. Checking these reports is the only way to ensure that you know exactly what is in the CBD-infused product that you plan to consume.
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